Eczema types

Types of eczema

There are several eczema types. These include atopic dermatitis, hand eczema, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema. Terms “dermatitis” and “eczema” in medical context are used interchangeably.

Each type of eczema presents with slightly different rash and symptoms, even manifests on different body parts. Atopic dermatitis is the most severe form of eczema. Hand dermatitis affects only palms, fingers and the back of the hand. Contact dermatitis is caused by some allergic reaction to a foreign substance that body receives as a threat. Dyshidrotic eczema occurs as small blisters on skin, usually on palms and feet. Despite the fact that eczema may affect different body parts, principles of its treatment remain the same.

Facial eczema

Eczema on face is not a separate type of eczema; this term only describes localization of the disease. Several types of eczema can affect facial area, for example, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis etc. It is of crucial importance to know how to treat eczema on face properly and follow your dermatologist’s instructions, because face is very important tool for social interactions. Treatment usually involves topical corticosteroids; in severe cases, oral steroids are needed. Baby facial eczema is treated the same way, although infantile eczema may disappear spontaneously without any treatment. Eczema can manifest on various facial areas. For example, it can appear around the mouth. This condition is called perioral dermatitis (“perioral” means “around the mouth”). This disease is commoner in women and small children. Origin of it is not fully understood.

Mild facial eczema can appear as facial dryness and itchy feeling. In order to manage this condition, it is important to maintain your skin barrier by providing proper daily skin care. Facial eczema treatment involves topical corticosteroids and skin moisturizers.

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Auricular eczema

Ear eczema can affect ear lobes, conchal bowl, meatus, and ear canal. This condition may lead to severe complications, for example, inflammation of ear canal. Atopic eczema often affects the skin around ears, usually the juncture between face and ear lobe. Seborrheic eczema can also manifest in ears. It usually causes scaling and redness in external ear canal. Asteatotic eczema is more common in elder people and can lead to eczema in ear as well. The treatment for ear eczema involves skin moisturizers and topical steroids.

Eczema on feet

Dyshidrotic eczema often manifests on feet. Blisters develop on feet and palms. These blisters cause great discomfort because of itch. Such lesions may be filled with liquid. Blisters usually last from two weeks to one month. Although the exact cause of the disease is unknown, it is thought that stress and allergies can cause breakouts of dyshidrotic eczema. Some of these blisters can be painful, so you may need to consult a dermatologist on how to alleviate these symptoms. The condition is diagnosed by careful examination. In severe cases, a skin biopsy is performed to distinguish the condition from other diseases, which manifest in similar rashes.

Breast eczema

Breast eczema usually affects nipples and areolae. It is quite common in breastfeeding mothers and joggers. It manifests as itchy rash, which in some instances might be painful.