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Pigment spots

Pigment spots

Pigment spots can be caused by tanning, freckles, melasma or indicate hormonal changes in the body. Most types of pigmentation are triggered by sun exposure.




Pigmentation determines the color of the skin. Skin pigmentation disorders change the natural skin color. These disorders appear when melanocytes – melanin producing cells – become damaged and unhealthy. Pigmentation on face can be caused by several pigmentation disorders or simple physiological process, such as tanning.

Causes and treatment for pigmentation on face

Not all pigment spots on skin require medical attention and treatment. Although hyperpigmentation can be a sign of some diseases, it can also be harmless. On the other hand, if you are bothered by your facial skin pigmentation, there are some methods that can help reduce it.

There are several causes of pigmentation. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by UV, hormonal changes in the body or genetic factors. If you have pigmentation on face, it is not necessarily a pigmentation disorder. For example, freckles are a type of hyperpigmentation, which usually comes with light skin complexion. Some people may not pay attention to them, and the others can view it as a cosmetic problem. Freckles are caused by genetic factors and induced by being in the sun. These pigment spots on face can be removed by laser treatment. Cosmetic products with lightening substances may also be helpful.

A condition, called melasma, can also cause dark pigment spots on skin. Melasma can often occur during pregnancy because of the hormonal changes. It can also occur when a woman is using hormonal contraceptives or going through hormone replacement therapy. Sometimes melasma strikes during menopause period. Cancer treatment, sun damage, excessive stress and disease called hypothyroidism can also cause melasma. If you have melasma, pigmentation cure is not necessarily required – the condition usually goes away on its own. Nevertheless, if melasma is triggering you, dermatologist may recommend creams with lightening substances, dermabrasion and intense pulsed light therapy.

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Addison’s disease, a long term endocrine disorder, can also cause pigmentation problems, such as darkening of the skin in specific areas. Addison’s disease is caused by primary adrenal insufficiency and is a serious medical condition. Other symptoms of the disease may include abdominal pain, general fatigue, muscle weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache, excessive sweating and weight loss. Pigmentation removal when having Addison’s disease is not the only problem – the condition may even be life – threatening. Treatment of the disease includes substitution of lacking hormones.