Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation

In the first instance, hyperpigmentation is caused by melanin that provides our skin or hair with a new, different color. More clearly, when melanin gets to our skin, it overproduces in certain spots on the skin that suddenly becomes darker than the whole natural skin tone. Several colors, such as, blue, red, yellow and brown can appear on our skin, however, they all depend on different substances that are described in the following text. (Inside)

The most important substance responsible for skin color is melanin pigment. Variations in melanin distribution give human skin black, brown or white skin color.

Skin discoloration disorders change the color of the skin. They appear when melanin producing cells become damaged and unhealthy. Some pigmentation disorders affect only small patches on the skin when others affect the whole body.

Increase of melanin in the upper layer of the skin is called hypermelanosis. The condition can be caused by hormonal changes (as in Addison disease), by UV (when tanning) or by genetic factors..

Hyperpigmentation pictures

 


How to get rid of hyperpigmentation?

 Skin hyperpigmentation treatment should be discussed with a dermatologist. At first, he will determine the cause of hyper pigmentation. Understanding hyperpigmentation causes helps to plan the right course of treatment and suggest some useful lifestyle changes that could be made to ease the condition. Melasma, lentiges and post – inflammatory hyperpigmentation, Addison disease – all require specific original pigmentation treatment.  The localization of the pigment spots is also important. Pigmentation on face will be cured differently than the one on the back or abdomen.

At first, dermatologist collects your anamnesis (your medical history). He will probably ask you some of the following questions:

  • Are there any drugs you are taking right now? What are they?
  • Are you pregnant? Maybe you were pregnant recently?
  • What medical condition do you have? What are those you had in the past?
  • Did you go through any plastic surgery procedures? 
  • What professional skin correction procedures have you undergone?
  • Do you use tanning bed? If so, how often?
  • Do you use sunscreen protection? How about earlier, did you use it when you were younger?

After collecting the anamnesis, doctor will carefully examine your skin with a magnifying lamp. When he comes to understanding what your condition is, both of you will discuss pigmentation removal.

Skin pigmentation disorders can be treated using special creams and serums that contain a specific substance named alpha hydroxy acid. This substance (also called AHA) lightens pigmentation of all kinds. Retinoids can also be a powerful medicine for person’s hyper pigmented skin.

Another material used for skin pigmentation treatment is hydroquinone. It is a very commonly used substance (though in some sources it is called to be cancerogenous and therefore should not be used). Mandelic acid is another acid that can lighten all kinds of pigmentation. These few substances, including kojic acid and azelaic acid, are the ones you should look after in cream for hyperpigmentation.

Best hyperpigmentation cream may involve only one or several lightening active agents that are listed above. It can also involve other lightening substances (there are many of them). It would be perfect, if your dermatologist prescribed a cream that is best for you.

There are also other ways to get rid of pigmentation. For example, you could try chemical peels or dermabrasion, or laser therapy. These three procedures all work as skin pigmentation treatment.

Intense pulse light therapy is also an answer to a question “how to remove pigmentation”.

 

Hyperpigmentation on face

Many people experience skin discoloration on face. The face is very important skin area for our social behavior, besides, face skin is much more sensitive. Facial hyperpigmentation can lead to embarrassment and distress. People ask a lot of questions about face skin pigmentation :

  • How to remove pigmentation from face? 
  • How to fix/treat pigmentation on face?
  • How to reduce/treat/cure pigmentation on face naturally? 
  • How to remove pigmentation from cheeks?
  • What causes pigmentation/ skin discoloration on face?
  • How to get rid of facial pigmentation?
  • How to remove pigmentation marks from face?

It’s clear that facial discoloration is an important subject. Since there are so many questions that bother people with facial pigmentation, this topic must be widely discussed.

Freckles

The type of hyperpigmentation that often affects face area is called lentiges or freckles. Freckles are a group of cells with a lot of pigment melanin. If a person has light complexion, they are visible most clearly. Reason for this type of pigmentation on face is often the sunlight which triggers the formation of freckles. Then they get darker and more visible. This type of hyperpigmentation on face can be treated with lightening substances and with laser treatment. They are most common in children and sometimes get less visible with age.

Melasma

Skin pigmentation on face can also be caused by melasma. This is a kind of skin discoloration that manifest because of hormonal changes during pregnancy (melasma is typical hormonal pigmentation). It can also occur if a woman is using hormone replacement therapy or uses contraceptives. Sometimes it also affects women before menopause. Other common reasons of melasma hyperpigmentation may include:

  • Cancer treatment therapy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Sun damage 
  • Stress
  • Allergic reaction to medication or cosmetics

Melasma usually occurs on cheek, nose or lips and cause brown pigmentation on face. The cause of the condition is the increased production of female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Both of these hormones encourage the formation of melanin pigment. Treatment for this kind of pigmentation on face is usually not required because melasma disappears spontaneously in several months after giving birth. If a woman wants to get rid of pigmentation earlier, special creams with lightening agents, chemical peels dermabrasion and intense impulse light therapy can be helpful.

Both freckles and melasma are triggered by sun exposure. So if you wonder how to reduce pigmentation on face, the answer is simple – avoid the sun. You can limit the time you spend outside, wear sunscreen and a hat, use sun creams. Even best treatment for pigmentation on face may not solve the problem entirely, so it is reasonable to avoid developing the condition at a first place. Besides, removing the facial pigmentation will necessarily cost more money and require more efforts than simply trying not to develop the condition.

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If you read the article closely, you now understand that ways to cure pigmentation are similar whether it’s freckles or it’s melasma. Pigmentation cream for face will help in both situations. Laser treatment is also possible in both cases. The ways of treating pigmentation on face don’t differ from those used to treat pigmentation on other locations. But, as it was said before, face skin is much more sensitive, therefore the treatment should be more delicate.

Pigmentation marks on face can be difficult to treat. Unfortunately, sometimes individuals with high pigmentation on face become so concerned with the aesthetic view of the condition that it causes them depression and anxiety.

Removing pigmentation on face with natural remedies

There are some natural remedies for pigmentation on face. These remedies are cheap; some of them are already in your drawer. It may take some time to notice visible results but all of these natural remedies have skin lightening properties.

Remedies for face pigmentation include potato treatment. Potato is good for treating melasma. Potatoes can lighten the skin. If you want to try this treatment, you should cut potato in two halves and put few drops of water on the surface. Then you should rub the skin pigmentated area with the potato. After doing this daily for a month results should occur.

Another way how to cure pigmentation on face naturally is lemon and cucumber. You should cut the cucumber and then squeeze lemon juice on it. Then apply the cucumber on the face. As with the potato, this procedure must be repeated every day.

Lemon could also be applied with honey. Lemon juice and raw honey should be mixed together and then applied on the face for fifteen minutes. You should repeat the act twice a day.

Apple cider vinegar can also be used as treatment for pigmentation on face. 3 – 4 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar should be mixed with water and applied on the area with facial skin pigmentation. Then you should wash the area with warm water. This must be repeated twice a day.

Onion can also help to remove pigmentation on face. You should cut red onion in two halves. Then put the half on the affected area and sustain it for several minutes. As with other procedures, you should repeat this twice a day.

There is a way how to remove pigmentation from face naturally with almonds. You will need five almonds, one teaspoon of honey and a bit of lemon juice to complete the procedure. You need to leave almonds in water overnight. Then mince the almonds, add honey and lemon juice and apply on melanin spots on face, then leave it overnight. In the morning you should wash the face with cold water.

Avocado is another vegetable that can help to remove hyperpigmentation on face. You must take avocado peel off, and then mash it. Then you must apply the mass on your face and leave it for ten minutes. Then wash your face with warm water. In order to achieve results you should repeat the procedure twice a day for one month. This natural cure for pigmentation on face works because of combination of oleic acid and vitamin C, which both has lightening properties.

Pigmentation on cheeks and pigmentation on forehead can be reduced with the use of banana. The fruit should be peeled and then mashed with teaspoon of milk and ¼ teaspoon of honey. The mass should be applied on the affected skin and then left for thirty minutes. This should be repeated this twice per week.

Herbal treatment for pigmentation on face is the mint leaves. You should grind several mint leaves and mix the mass with water, then apply it on pigmented area and leave for fifteen minutes. Mint treatment can reduce dark pigmentation on face.

Cream for pigmentation on face

If you are not happy with natural treatment results, you may try to find a cream for your hyperpigmented skin. Best hyperpigmentation cream for face should have few ingredients that lighten the skin.

There are some ingredients you should look for in best facial creams for pigmentation:

  • Vitamin C – a powerful lightening agent that also has anti – inflammatory properties.
  • Arbutin – lightens the skin, has antioxidant properties.
  • Azelaic acid – lightens the skin, also helps with acne.
  • Calcium ascorbate - has antioxidant properties, lightens the skin, and lessens wrinkles.
  • Niacinamide – lightens pigmentation spots on face, protects face skin from ultraviolet radiation, deals with acne.
  • Nicotinic acid – lightens the skin, protects skin from UV.
  • Whitonyl – helps to remove dark pigmentation on face effectively.
  • Salicylic acid – lightens hyperpigmentation productively.

When looking for best facial cream for hyperpigmentation it is best to choose well-known brand. Creams for pigmentation on face must be used carefully following the instructions.

You should test your cream before using it. Apply a very small amount of cream on your ear lobe and look on it for one day. If your ear lobe becomes reddish or there are other visible changes, the cream may not be right for your skin. Even the best cream for face pigmentation cannot be good for everybody.

After applying skin pigmentation creams on face you should not go outside without the sun protection. A lot of day creams and mascara has sun protection in it; you must read the labels to choose the right one for you. The sun protection is needed not only in summer, but also in other seasons and cloudy days.

You must apply the cream on clean face – remove the entire make up before using it.

Best products for pigmentation on face are not necessarily creams – there can also be face masks, serums, tonics, ointments with lightening substances. The only important thing is that these products would have some lightening agents listed above.

Many lightening products can be bought over the counter, but they are less effective than those bought with a prescription. It is very useful to consult with a dermatologist and buy his suggested face pigmentation cream.

 

Post inflammatory pigmentation

Post inflammatory pigmentation is a form of pigmentation that arises after inflammation. The inflammation can be caused by acne, atopic dermatitis or psoriasis, or some injury (after thermal burn, dermabrasion, laser treatment, chemical peeling procedures).

This type pigmentation of skin can arise on both face and body. It appears as flat spots skin hyperpigmentation or discoloration. They differ in color, shape and size.

Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation causes are damage to the epidermis (and dermis in some cases) and deposition of melanin in keratinocytes. Inflammation triggers melanocytes to synthesize more melanin which is then transferred to keratinocytes.

As other pigmentation marks, post inflammatory pigmentation spots often become noticeable after sun exposure.

It is hard to define best treatment for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, because this process is usually very long and difficult. It usually lasts six to twelve months. It includes various procedures and pigmentation products.

Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation cream is one of the options. It includes lightening substances, such as hydroquinone, corticosteroids, glycolic acid, and azelaic acid. They are only effective for epidermal hyperpigmentation and do not have any effect on dermal pigmentation (which is more profound). Patient might need to combine several different products to lighten hyperpigmentations.

Retinoids are also a good option for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment. Retinoids are vitamin A analogues, which multiple biological responses result in skin lightening. Arbutin, niacinamide which are also a cure for skin pigmentation on face, also help to treat skin color changes that are left after inflammation.

As mentioned before, acne can result in post inflammatory pigmentation. Early treatment of acne can reduce the chance of skin pigmentation problems. If they still occur, the best treatment is probably the azelaic acid. Azelaic acid is approved product for acne treatment and gives the result of dark skin discoloration, therefore it is ideal choice for skin with acne which is prone to form hyperpigmentations.

It is also possible treating post inflammatory hyperpigmentation with light cryotherapy.

Chemical peels can cause post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, but are also used to treat it. The procedure can give positive results, but it can also cause irritation and worsen the whole skin appearance or even cause new over pigmentation of the skin.

Laser treatment for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be very effective. Thus it also can be the cause of the problem itself. However, it can be a good solution when other medical procedures fail.

Natural treatments can also be used for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. All natural remedies described when discussing facial skin pigmentation treatment also can be used to treat post inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Other information about this disease